HDBs & Condos

Top 10 Questions Answered for First-Time Home Buyers in Singapore

Navigate Singapore’s property market with ease with this guide. Discover eligibility, costs, loans, and investment tips for first-time home buyers.
By First Page


The journey to buying your first home in Singapore is filled with both excitement and challenges. Whether you’re considering a Build-To-Order (BTO) unit or eyeing the resale flat market, being well-informed about the house purchasing process is crucial. This guide aims to address common queries on how to buy a property, helping you navigate through the journey with ease.


1. What Are the Eligibility Criteria for Buying a Home in Singapore?

Individuals must adhere to specific eligibility criteria to participate in the property market. For purchasing a Housing Development Board (HDB) flat, including BTOs, applicants must be at least 21 years old, Singaporean citizens, and form a family nucleus or be a single Singaporean aged 35 and above for the Singles Scheme. Income ceilings also apply, varying by flat type and scheme. First-time buyers benefit from priority schemes and grants, such as the Enhanced CPF Housing Grant, which aids in making homeownership more accessible.


2. How Much Can I Afford to Spend on a Property?

Before diving into the property market, evaluate your financial health by considering your income, savings, and debts. Singapore regulates borrowing limits through the Total Debt Servicing Ratio (TDSR), which caps your loan repayments at 60% of your gross monthly income, and the Mortgage Servicing Ratio (MSR) for HDB flats and executive condominiums, limiting housing loan repayments to 30% of a borrower’s gross monthly income. These measures ensure you borrow within your means, preventing financial overstretch.


3. Should I Buy an HDB, Condo, or Landed Property?

Deciding between an HDB flat, condo, or landed property hinges on your budget, lifestyle preferences, and future needs. HDB flats are popular for their affordability and eligibility for housing grants, catering well to those looking for cost-effective options with governmental support. Condos provide enhanced amenities and security but come with a higher price tag. Landed properties offer the most space and privacy but require a substantial financial commitment.


4. What Are the Key Steps in the Home Buying Process?

Purchasing a home unfolds in several stages: initially, conduct a property search to identify potential homes that fit your criteria. Next, assess your finances to determine affordability, followed by applying for a home loan from banks or HDB, depending on the property type. Once financing is secured, make an offer and, if accepted, sign the Option to Purchase (OTP) to reserve the property formally. Finally, complete the sale through legal and financial transactions to transfer ownership.


5. How Do I Secure a Home Loan, and What Are the Options?

When it comes to home loans, you have two primary options: HDB loans and bank loans. The former is available for HDB flats, offering up to 90% financing at a concessionary interest rate, which is pegged plus 0.1% above the CPF Ordinary Account rate. Conversely, the latter can finance up to 75% of the property’s value for HDB and private properties, with varying interest rates and terms. Your choice should consider the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio, interest rate stability, and financial health.


6. What Additional Costs Should I Consider?

Stamp duty is a significant expense calculated based on the property’s purchase price or market value, whichever is higher. Legal conveyancing fees can vary, and HDB agent commissions, for instance, typically 1-2% of the purchase price for resale properties, should also be factored in.


7. How Can I Ensure the Property Is a Good Investment?



Assessing a property’s investment potential involves scrutinising its location, nearby amenities, and the likelihood of appreciation. A prime location with easy access to MRT stations, schools, and shopping centres usually indicates strong investment value. Also, proximity to upcoming development projects like the Greater Southern Waterfront can significantly impact a property’s future value. These factors will help you identify properties with the best growth prospects.


8. What Are the Common Mistakes to Avoid?

First-time home buyers should exercise caution to avoid overlooking essential checks and misjudging financial commitments. Common oversights include skipping the home inspection, leading to unforeseen repair costs, and not accounting for all expenses involved in property ownership, such as maintenance fees and property taxes.


9. What Government Schemes and Gr ants Are Available for First-Time Buyers?

The government provides several supportive schemes and grants for first-time home buyers. The CPF Housing Grant, for example, offers up to $80,000 in subsidies for eligible buyers of HDB flats, depending on their income level and the flat type. The Proximity Housing Grant encourages families to live closer by offering up to $30,000.


10. How Can I Stay Informed About the Market and Make the Best Decision?

Staying informed about the real estate market is essential for making sound investment decisions. Regularly consulting HDB’s website for policy updates, market trends, and available properties is beneficial. Attending property seminars, subscribing to real estate newsletters, and following reputable property blogs can also provide deeper insights into market dynamics, helping you time your purchase effectively and identify valuable investment opportunities.


Navigating Your First Home Purchase Successfully

Understanding the ins and outs of buying your first home is critical to a successful purchase. For personalised guidance, reaching out to a seasoned property agent in Singapore, like Timothy Tan, can provide you with the insights and assistance you need on your journey.


Contact Timothy

Contact Information